The Estonian postal market has been completely open since 2009 and two enterprises hold a permit for the provision of postal services – AS Eesti Post and AS Express Post.
The Ministry will appoint one enterprise as the provider of universal postal services to ensure the availability of all the different types of postal services; at the moment, these functions are fulfilled by state enterprise AS Eesti Post. The provider of universal postal services is appointed as a result of a public competition, which is organised by the Estonian Competition Authority every five years. The next competition will be held in 2019.
In recent years, the volume of universal postal services has stably dropped; the volume of the most common, main service – delivery of domestic letter post – has dropped by approximately 50% over the last five years. The market of courier postal services is growing by approximately 10% every year. Approximately 30 enterprises actively provide services in this sector.
- Estonian Post Ltd. »
Searching for universal postal services, post codes
Entering the market of postal services
An activity permit for the provision of postal services is granted by the Estonian Competition Authority.
An activity permit will be required for the:
A person wishing to start the provision of postal services and not requiring the presence of an activity permit must submit a written notice to the Estonian Competition Authority ten days before the activities are started. The information included in the notice will be published in the register.
High-quality postal services must be affordable and available all over Estonia.
State surveillance over the compliance with the requirements set out in the Postal Act and legislation laid down under this Act is carried out by the Estonian Competition Authority.
Delivery of addressed postal items for economic purposes shall be construed as the provision of postal services.
Postal items are letter mail (with a weight up to 2 kg), parcels (with a weight up to 20 kg) and periodical publications. The delivery of written notices and other items in someone’s own name and for personal economic reasons will be not classified as postal items.
Postal services will be divided by the type of postal item, as follows:
Conférence Européenne des Administrations des Postes et des Télécommunications (CEPT)
CEPT and Estonia
The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications has been a member of CEPT since August 1993. The Republic of Estonia is represented at CEPT by the Estonian Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications, the Estonian Technical Regulatory Authority and the Estonian Competition Authority.
Organisation of the work of CEPT
CEPT is run by an assembly that comes together twice a year. Two committees operate at CEPT:
- Electronic Communications Committee, or ECC for short
- Comité européen des régulateurs postaux, or CERP for short
The committees are involved in harmonisation, working in working groups and project teams.
European Communications Office and the European Telecommunications Standardisation Institute
The managing board and committees of CEPT are advised and assisted by the European Communications Office, which is a centre of specialist knowledge on postal and electronic communications.
Universal Postal Union (UPU)
Universal Postal Union (UPU) »
The Postal Union pursues the following goals:
UPU and Estonia
The Republic of Estonia has been a member of the UPU since April 1992. The Republic of Estonia is represented at the Universal Postal Union by the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications and the Estonian Competition Authority.
In Estonia, the functions and obligations coming from the UPU instruments are fulfilled by Estonian Post Ltd..
Organisation of the work of the UPU
The UPU is run by the Congress of the Postal Union, which is summoned once per four years and at which all the members will participate. The Congress mostly fulfils legislative functions; however, in recent years, strategic issues are receiving more and more attention.
Between the congresses, the work is carried out by the Council of Administration or CA for short and the Postal Operation Council or POC for short.
The rules of the UPU are followed by postal administrations of all the countries. This will ensure the operation and development of international postal services.