“Estonian national energy and climate plan 2030” (hereinafter NECP 2030) has been drawn up in accordance with the obligations laid down in Regulation (EU) 2018/1999 on the Governance of the energy Union and Climate Action, which prescribes the submission of national energy and climate plans to the European Commission in every ten years.
The broader objective of NECP 2030 is to provide Estonian people, enterprises and other Member States information about measures which Estonia intends to deploy to achieve the energy and climate policy targets agreed in the European Union. This information is necessary for the public and enterprises to plan and prepare investments required for attaining the objectives. NECP 2030 has been compiled as a joint effort of different ministries (Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications, Ministry of the Environment, Ministry of Rural Affairs) based on adopted development plans, different surveys and analyses. In view of the five dimensions of the Energy Union, NECP 2030 has the following key objectives:
• Reduction of GHG emission in Estonia by 80% by 2050 (incl. 70% by 2030): greenhouse gases (GHG) emission was 40.4 million tCO2ekv in 1990 (excl. Land Use, Land Use Change and Forestry hereinafter LULUCF), Estonian GHG emission was 20.9 million tCO2ekv in 2017 (incl. 14.7 million tCO2ekv in energy industry sector), as a result of measures, estimated GHG emission in 2030 will be 10.7-12.5 million tCO2ekv (excl. LULUCF)
• • Reduction of GHG emission in sectors covered by the Effort Sharing Regulation (transport, small-scale energy production, agriculture, waste management, forestry, industrial processes) by 13% of 2005 levels by 2030: in 2005, GHG emission in sectors covered by the Effort Sharing Regulation reached 6.3 million tCO2ekv, i.e. emission in 2030 may be 5.5 million tCO2ekv
• • The share of renewable energy must be at least 42% of total summary final energy consumption by 2030: the share of renewable energy in 2030 is 16 TWh, incl. renewable electricity 4.3 TWh (2018 = 1.8 TWh), renewable heat 11TWh (2018 = 9.5TWh), transport 0.7 TWh (2018 = 0.3 TWh)
Photo:Eesti Energia/Toolbox Estonia
• Final energy consumption must remain at 32-33 TWh/a until 2030: cumulative energy savings 14.7 TWh in 2020-2030 would allow keeping final energy consumption at the current level
• Reduction of primary energy consumption by up to 14% (compared to peak demand): it is possible to reduce primary energy consumption, inter alia by modernisation of the oil shale industry.
• Ensuring the security of supply by maintaining the lowest possible rate of dependence from imported energy: using local fuels to the maximum extent possible (incl. increased use of fuel-free energy sources), implementation of the potential production and use of biomethane
• Compliance with the minimum criteria of the interconnections of member states in 2030: Increasing the capacity between Estonia and Latvia and synchronisation of electricity system with frequency range of Central European, maintaining the readiness of connections
• • Using research and development and innovation in measures for maintaining economic competitiveness: implementing the research and development program for energy management allows using research and innovation results for implementing the measures