Energy from renewable sources

Thanks to the development and increasing cheapness of renewable energy technologies, various renewable energy generation plants are becoming more competitive and available. This will already help in the usage of renewable energy solutions in housing.

Energy from renewable sources


National Development Plan of the Energy Sector


According to the “National Development Plan of the Energy Sector Until for 2020”, the Government will be required to implement activities that will increase the proportion of energy from renewable sources in final energy consumption.

The source documents for the development of the sector are the “Renewable Energy Action Plan Until 2020” and its operational programme, which represents the road map for achieving Estonia’s objective in the field of energy from renewable sources – 25% proportion in final consumption.

In addition, the Ministry of Agriculture has initiated and led the development of “Development Plan for the Promotion of the Use of Biomass and Bio Energy for 2007–2013”; the Estonian bio energy market review, conducted periodically, helps to obtain an overview of the situation.


Renewable energy directive and subsidies


The energy from renewable sources directive 2009/28/EC lays down a binding objective of achieving the proportion of 10% of renewable fuels in final transport sector fuel consumption in the European Union member states by 2020.

Therefore, the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications promotes the consumption of alternative fuels, such as electricity, natural gas and bio methane in transport sector.

A decrease in the import of liquid fuels and more extensive use of domestic resources will serve to improve Estonia’s foreign trade balance, decrease the pollution introduced to the natural environment and have a positive impact on the economy in general.

Subsidies to energy from renewable sources

The subsidies specified in the Electricity Market Act are applicable to the generation of energy from renewable sources of energy.

In addition, the Environmental Investment Centre administrates numerous support measures linked to energy from renewable sources.

Information regarding the use of the European Union funds during the 2014–2020 budget period will be made available during 2014.


    International co-operation

    Estonia has been a member of the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) since 2011.

    IRENA runs a common database consisting of information about various renewable energy policies.

    IRENA, being a new organisation, is developing methods for the collection of statistical information on renewable energy, which should contribute to the establishment of one of the most perfect databases in the world.

    The energy from renewable sources directive 2009/28/EC provides for co-operation mechanisms for the transnational development of renewable energy. There are three possible co-operation platforms:

    • Sales of available “statistical information”
    • Transnational co-operation projects to provide new generation capacities
    • Joint support schemes

    The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Communications is currently developing the legal basis required for the implementation of this platform; the result will be communicated to the Riigikogu in 2014.


    Last updated: 2 June 2014